The Effectiveness of Coloring in Reducing Anxiety and Improving PWB in Adolescents

Cindy Emanuela, Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta, Indonesia
Monty P. Satiadarma, Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta, Indonesia
Roswiyani Roswiyani, Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta, Indonesia
Published: August 25, 2021

Citation: Emanuela, C., Satiadarma, M. P., & Roswiyani, R. (2021). The Effectiveness of Coloring in Reducing Anxiety and Improving PWB in Adolescents. IAFOR Journal of Arts & Humanities, 8(1).


Anxiety is a normal reaction to stressful situations. Excessive anxiety can affect various aspects of life, especially in adolescents. Adolescents who have anxiety tend to experience sleep disorders, substance abuse, and suicide. Therefore, intervention is needed for adolescents who experience anxiety. One of the appropriate interventions for adolescents is art therapy with coloring techniques. Previous research has obtained evidence that coloring can reduce anxiety and improve psychological well-being (PWB). This study aims to determine the effectiveness of coloring activities in reducing anxiety and increasing PWB in adolescents. By using a quasi-experimental design pretest-posttest, total participants in this study were 26 students aged 15-18 years, were divided into two groups, such as mandala and other shapes coloring groups. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) is used to measure anxiety and the PWB questionnaire is used to measure psychological well-being. Using paired sample t-test showed that both coloring groups experienced a decrease in state anxiety before and after the intervention, but there was no significant increase in PWB. Further analysis found that mandala coloring activities were more effective in reducing anxiety than other forms of coloring activities, and PWB of the two groups did not increase. It can be concluded that coloring activities can reduce state anxiety but has not been able to increase PWB.

Keywords: adolescent, anxiety, coloring, mandala, psychological well-being (PWB)