Thinking about the Political Situation in Catalonia

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Author: Montserrat Camps-Gaset, University of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Email: mcamps@ub.edu
Published: April 6, 2019
https://doi.org/10.22492/ijcs.4.1.03

Citation: Camps-Gaset, M. (2019). Thinking about the Political Situation in Catalonia IAFOR Journal of Cultural Studies, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.22492/ijcs.4.1.03


Abstract

Catalan Separatism is, above all, a peaceful movement for self-government, defending the capacity for taking decisions as a nation, as a State, in an inclusive way. It defends sovereignty in all aspects, including income generated in Catalonia, and the distribution of wealth. The Spanish transition after 1975 failed to encourage the construction of a pluralist State, and the autonomic framework has proved to be unsatisfactory. The reluctance of some parties in the government to give more autonomy to Catalonia, especially in the last ten years, and to recognise it as a nation, has led to a significant increase in Catalan independence supporters. Extreme right-wing movements have emerged recently, defending the unity of Spain and attacking democracy, not only in Catalonia, and their sometimes violent riots are tolerated more permissively by Spanish authorities than actions in favour of Catalan prisoners on remand. The conflict is a challenge to the idea of Spain as it is now and also an occasion to think about what kind of political framework Europe offers to its members. Europe should perhaps offer more flexibility to communities having different languages and cultures, and therefore, the Catalan crisis is an opportunity to imagine a new European order.

Keywords

Catalonia, Europe, Separatism, Spanish transition