Mikhail Geraskov (1874–1957) Methodological Concepts of Learning Physics


Author: Mariyana Ilieva, University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria
Published: February 2014

Citation: Ilieva, M. (2014). Mikhail Geraskov (1874–1957) Methodological Concepts of Learning Physics. IAFOR Journal of Education, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.22492/ije.2.1.08


Mikhail Geraskov is a distinguished Bulgarian educator from the first half of the twentieth century, who developed the scientific foundations of didactics and methodology of training. His work contributed a lot to the development of the Bulgarian pedagogy. The subject of scientific research is didactical conceptions and methodological conceptions of learning. The aim of the research paper is to presents his ideas about particular methods of teaching Physics for high school. Geraskov assumes direct correlation between didactics and methodology. This paper focuses on his ideas about design, technology and methodological requirements for lessons of Physics. He believes that the appropriate methods are determined by the curriculum, set of educational goals and age characteristics, and capabilities of adolescents. In his methodical recommendations he focuses on teaching methods and forms that provoke students’ activity. Comparative analysis with publications on the issues set for development of the Bulgarian pedagogic science and the actuality in the modern education system.


education, design lesson, methods of teaching, classroom practice, historical pedagogy