Comparison of Mental Health and Quality of Life between Shift and Non-shift Employees of Service Industries

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Authors:
Nahal Salimi, Southern Illinois University, United States of America
Bryan O. Gere, Alabama A&M University, United States of America
William Crimando, Southern Illinois University, United States of America
Email: nahalsalimi@siu.edu
Published: December 2016
https://doi.org/10.22492/ijpbs.2.3.01

Citation: Salimi, N., Gere, B. O., & Crimando, W. (2016). Comparison of Mental Health and Quality of Life between Shift and Non-shift Employees of Service Industries. IAFOR Journal of Psychology & the Behavioral Sciences, 2(3). https://doi.org/10.22492/ijpbs.2.3.01


Abstract

This study examined the relationship between the employment practices and employees' mental health and quality of life in Iran. In particular, the study compared the mental health and quality of life of shift and non-shift workers in sensitive employment settings. Using a cross-sectional survey design, 120 individuals employed in two airline companies as either shift or non-shift employees completed the survey for the study. Data was collected using General Health Question (GHQ28) for mental health, the Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) for Quality of Life and a demographic questionnaire. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to analyze the collected data. The results showed that (1) type of work (shift or non-shift) has an effect on mental health and quality of life; and (2) there are significant differences in dimensions of quality of life and mental health between shift and non-shift staff.

Keywords

mental health, quality of life, shift work, service industry