Eye Magazine is now out of production, replaced by IAFOR’s online magazine, THINK, The Academic Platform. This past issue of Eye Magazine will remain freely accessible and available to read on this page. To submit an article to THINK, please visit the submission page.
Editor: Michael Liam Kedzlie
Assistant Editor – Copy Editing and Layout: Rachel Dyer
Original Design: Thaddeus Pope
Eye Magazine is published under ISSN: 2187-8935 issued by the National Diet Library of Japan.
About this issue of Eye Magazine
Eye Magazine – Issue 8 – Autumn/Winter 2015
Welcome to the Autumn/Winter 2015 edition of IAFOR’s Eye Magazine – The International Academic Forum’s own in-house e-magazine publication. It is our pleasure to again present to you a great line-up of articles and opinion pieces. In this edition of IAFOR Eye Magazine we reflect on the past, in both the historical and political sense, through a range of cultural practices within literature, the arts, film and society. Much of this past is centered on Japan. This year is the 70th commemoration of the first dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and we have a couple of outstanding articles that take a look at the tragedy and upheaval of that time and the years that followed in Japan. Theron Fairchild contributes Atomic Narratives about the political, social, economic, moral, and speculative discourse around the atomic weapons used against Japan and David McCormack in American Caesar writes about the role General McArthur played during the post-war occupation. Also in this edition, Wajiha Raza Rizvi takes a brief look back at the documentary film The Atomic Cafe made in the early 1980s, which captures the paranoia, propaganda and politics of the early years of the nuclear age in postwar America.
This issue of IAFOR Eye also looks back at a couple of cornerstone works of literature that have shaped modern consciousness. Arthur Shattuck O’Keefe examines the thematic underpinnings of authority and the individual in the novels Connecticut Yankee and Huckleberry Finn of legendary 19th-century American author Mark Twain. Qiang Fu in his article Shopping in the Metropolis: Consumerism in Jean Rhys’s Voyage in the Dark and Good Morning, Midnight – textual tropes of empire and colony to formulate postcolonial literature. These two novels both register commerce and consumer capitalism as part of the literal and figurative administration of empire and the articulations of Englishness of the early 20th-century period in which they were based.
When citizens appreciate important buildings for how they help tell the stories of the past, quality of life in the city improves. It is this sentiment that Charles Laurier reveals in his fascinating article about the collective cultural memory of Ueno Station, an 82-year-old building in the Shitamachi area of eastern Tokyo. Laurier in his article Tokyo’s Ueno Station in Japanese Cultural Memory reports of astonishing statistic that forces us to reflect on the role of architectural preservation. The average lifespan of a Japanese person is among the highest in the world, in the mid to high 80s, however, the average lifespan of a building in Tokyo, may be as little as just 17 years. Alexandre Avdulov contributes Listening To The Waves: Chanoyu Outside Japan and discusses the delicate balance between conservation and internationalisation of the traditional tea ceremony – that core cultural and distinguishing practice of Japanese life. Avdulov articulates how this tradition is being carefully transplanted to new places in its most original form and how it is taking root. A further cultural practice that is more contemporary and has achieved Japanese ‘cultural ownership’ is Cosplay. Though it began its life US amongst the Sci-Fi fan community in the 1970s, it was popularised in Japan in the 1980s and 1990s and from that base it is now a 21st-century, global popular culture phenomenon. Taiwanese writers Shih-Pang Tsai and Ming-Hsiu Mia Chen examine the creative and sub-cultural underpinnings of these global Cosplayers in their article From Fiction to Reality: An Exploration into Cosplay. Finally Vineet Kaul, a recent Doctoral Program Graduate reflects on what research means personally, as he embarks on an academic career in his opinion piece Developing my Passion for Research.
As Editor, I must give special thanks to Thad Pope who assisted in the production of this edition. It is his hard work and advice, which has helped in getting this magazine together and looking so good. I would also like to thank our new publications manager, Rachel Dyer, for her invaluable assistance in producing this edition. Lastly, I must again thank the voluntary contributions of our featured contributors. They are the people who really make Eye Magazine the insightful, intelligent and interdisciplinary magazine that it is. If you feel that you have something new and interested to offer as a written contribution to a future issue of IAFOR’s Eye Magazine please don’t hesitate to contact me at email@example.com.
Michael Liam Kedzlie
Finding narrative coherence in the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, by Theron Fairchild
General Douglas MacArthur’s administration of Japan, by David McCormack
Common Core’s Leviathan
Bill Gates’ (mis)adventures within American public education, by Craig Sower
Common Core’s Panopticon
The freedom to teach or be imprisoned by data, by Craig Sower
Shopping in the Metropolis
Consumerism in Jean Rhys, by Qiang Fu
Authority and the Individual
Arthur Shattuck O’Keefe examines the themes of the individual versus authority in the works of Mark Twain
Before the Darkest Hours
USAF operations order No. 35 by Michael Liam Kedzlie
From Fiction to Reality
An exploration into Cosplay, by Shih-Pang Tsai and Ming-Hsiu Mia Chen
Listening to the Waves Chanoyu outside Japan by Alexandre Avdulov
The Atomic Cafe
Looking back at nuclear paranoia from the
80s to the 50s in a Cold War classic, by Wajiha Raza Rizvi
A Passion for Research
Doctoral program graduate, Vineet Kaul, reflects on what
Legally Vague in a Lethal World
Is it time for International Humanitarian Law 2.0? By Michael Liam Kedzlie