Performance of Combined Ozone and Fenton Process in Treating Different Leachate Concentrations

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Authors: Hamidi Abdul Aziz & Salem S. Abu Amr, Universtiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Email: cehamidi@usm.my
Published: February 2015
https://doi.org/10.22492/ijsee.2.1.01

Citation: Aziz, H. A., & Amr, S. S. A. (2015). Performance of Combined Ozone and Fenton Process in Treating Different Leachate Concentrations. IAFOR Journal of Sustainability, Energy & the Environment, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.22492/ijsee.2.1.01


Abstract

Background: Leachate pollution is one of the main problems in landfilling, and researchers have yet to find an effective solution to this problem. The technology that can be used may differ based on the type of leachate produced. The most problematic parameters in leachate are chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia, and color. Material and Methods: The performance of ozone/Fenton in advanced oxidation process (AOPs) in treating stabilized leachate was investigated. The optimal dosages of Fenton reagent (0.05 mol L-1 (1,700 mg/L) H202 and 0.05 mol L-1 (2,800 mg/L) Fe2+) were determined through preliminary experiments and added to the leachate sample into the ozone reactor. The input ozone concentration in a 2 L leachate sample was 80 g/m3 NTP ± 0.5% under 1 bar pressure. The initial COD varied between 250 and 2360 mg/L, color varied between 470 Pt. Co. to 4530 Pt. Co., and NH3-N varied between 150 mg/1 to 1170 mg/L. Results: the maximum removal efficiency was 87% for COD, 100% for color, and 22% for NH3—N at lowest leachate concentration. The lowest amount of consumed ozone (1.28 Kg03/ Kg COD) corresponded to the initial concentration of COD (2000 mg/L) with 60% removal of COD during 1 h ozonation. The biodegradability (BOD5/COD) improved from 0.09 in raw leachate to 0.27 at 500 mg/L initial COD. Conclusion: The current study revealed that the use of ozone/Fenton (03/H202/Fe2+) in AOPs is more efficient in removing COD and color in low concentrations of semi-aerobic stabilized leachate and in improving biodegradability.

Keywords

ozonation, advanced oxidation, initial concentration, stabilized leachate, biodegradability