Author: Ni Komang Desy Arya Pinatih, Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Published: December 2016
Citation: Pinatih, N. K. D. A. (2016). ASEAN Framework Agreement on Visa Exemption and Transnational Crime: East Java Case Studies. IAFOR Journal of the Social Sciences, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.22492/ijss.2.2.02
The rise of regional power comes with its consequences. ASEAN, as the only regionalism in Southeast Asia, is widely known for promoting ASEAN Community as its main purpose, with three main pillars: economic community, political and security community, and socio-cultural community. In order to support the idea of “integrated community” and accelerate the readiness of state members, especially in preparing the free flow of goods, labour, and services, ASEAN launched the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Visa Exemption. At one point these ideas about accelerating and integrating ASEAN members, especially through people-to-people connection, seem perfect; however, this scheme provides a new challenge to the security of ASEAN member states, especially non-traditional threats, such as transnational crimes. This article examines the impact of regionalism at the regional level on the rise of transnational crimes at the sub-national level. By using the implementation of the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Visa Exemption to the member states and its implication on the rise of transnational crime in East Java Province, Indonesia, this paper seeks to: (1) examine the impacts of regionalism at the regional level to the rise of transnational crimes at the subnational level; (2) identify the patterns of transnational crime at East Java Province, Indonesia, following the implementation of ASEAN Framework Agreement on Visa Exemption; (3) assess the relation between the free visa policy in the Southeast Asia region and the rise of transnational crime at the sub-national level, especially in East Java Province, Indonesia; and by using the models on anticipating transnational organized crime, give a policy recommendation on how to combat transnational organized crime.
regionalism, transnational crime, ASEAN Framework Agreement on Visa Exemption