Articles should be submitted through the online submission form in Microsoft Word format. Before submitting your article please ensure that it is prepared in accordance with the Author Guidelines below.
If you have any queries about how to prepare your article for submission, please contact email@example.com.
A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of six keywords.
Present purposes of the study and provide background for your work.
Include a pertinent literature review with explicit international connections for relevant ideas. Discuss the findings of published papers in the related field and highlight your contribution.
Methodology and Methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the context of the work to be thoroughly understood and/or for the work to be reproduced. Provide sufficient detail for readers to understand how you engaged in your inquiry. Clear descriptions of your context and participants along with strategies used to collect and analyse data should be described.
This section should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. Combining your results and discussion into a single section may be suitable.
Returning to relevant literature from the introduction should show how your work connects with or interrupts already published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a Conclusions section, which can include the main findings, the implications, and limitations.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article).
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Insert them using Word's footnote function, ensuring that they are numbered consecutively throughout the article in superscript Arabic numerals. Please do not insert footnotes manually.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).
Within the text: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association (APA). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition, ISBN 978-1-4338-0561-5.
List at end of paper: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. Please single-space, and indent after the first line of each.
Reference to a journal publication:
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton, R. A. (2010). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51–59.
Reference to a book:
Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York:
Longman, (Chapter 4).
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp.281–304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.
For more details about referencing, please read our APA referencing style guide.
- APA Referencing Style Guide.
- 12-point Times New Roman font.
- All paragraphs and body text justified and single-spaced.
- One line should separate paragraphs or sections. Do not indent paragraphs.
- Set page size to A4.
- Margins: Microsoft Word ‘Normal’ (2.54 cm).
- Manuscripts preferably not to exceed 5,000 words each (excluding tables, figures and references).
- Main headings, subheadings and sub-subheadings should be formatted as in the example below. No more than three levels of headings should be included.
- All figures must be inserted in a JPEG image format, within the page margins. Centre images. Do not insert loose objects such as arrows, lines, or text boxes. Number and caption below the figure (Figure 1: Caption), centre aligned.
- Tables should be created within the Microsoft Word document, should fit onto one A4 page and should be numbered and captioned below the table, centre aligned.
- Bold any section/paragraph headers and left align.
- Do not use any page headers, footers or page numbers (footers are acceptable if they contain footnotes).
- Use only portrait layout. Do not include any pages in landscape layout.
- Corresponding author contact email address should be added to the end of the paper after references. IAFOR is not responsible for unsolicited emails received.
- Optional: Acknowledgements (max. 150 words) to be included as the last section before reference list.
- References to be single-spaced (indented after first line of reference).
- Title page information to include:
- Title of the paper.
- Author names and affiliations: Provide authors' affiliation details (where the work was done) including full institution name and country.
- Abstract: A concise and factual abstract not exceeding 250 words is required.
- Keywords: Immediately following the abstract provide a minimum of three keywords.
Please use this template as a guide when preparing your article.