E-learning Self-efficacy of Operating Room Nurses of a Selected Hospital in Cebu, Philippines

Author: Paul John G. Aventurado, Cebu Doctors’ University, Philippines
Email: pjaventurado0521@gmail.com
Published: December 1, 2019

Citation: Aventurado, P. J. G. (2019). E-learning Self-efficacy of Operating Room Nurses of a Selected Hospital in Cebu, Philippines. IAFOR Journal of Education, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.22492/ije.7.2.03


The conventional methods of education and training for operating room experience have been rendered impractical due to both the shortage and fast turnover of nurses in hospitals. Experts in the field of education are promoting e-learning modalities as a potential solution. However, issues were raised regarding the readiness of nurses to engage in e-learning due to lack of standardized competencies for practice, inconsistency in the integration of informatics courses in education, and lack of experts in the field. Literature reveals that self-efficacy is a major component of e-learning readiness. A descriptive-survey design was utilized to assess the e-learning self-efficacy of operating room nurses in a selected hospital in the Philippines. The Modified E-learning Readiness Assessment Tool (MERAT) captured the elements of the construct along with its sub-domains: computer, internet/online, and software utilization self-efficacy. The frequency distribution and item means were computed. Item analysis revealed that the respondents have positive e-learning self-efficacy based on item means obtained ranging from 3.29 to 4.58 on a 1.0 to 5.0 scale. A secondary analysis was conducted by clustering the e-learning self-efficacy indicators based on the nature of the competency and data trends. It revealed that the participants perceived themselves to be “Very Good” in terms of complex computer skills, online etiquette, troubleshooting computer-related issues, and usage of an e-learning platform, and “Excellent” in terms of basic computer and online skills. The results of this study implied that e-learning initiatives might be used to augment education and training of operating room nurses despite issues on manpower and competency base. It is further recommended that research explore other domains of e-learning readiness and determine the impact of this modality in the field of health care.


e-learning, education, training, nurses, operating room, self-efficacy